Does A Hot Bath Really Burn As Many Kilojoules As Exercise?
By Korin Miller; Photography by Flickr
Here’s what you need to know.
You may have heard about a new study that found taking a hot bath burns as many kilojoules as working out. (And you may have also hopped in the bath immediately – you know, just in case.) The idea sounds too good to be true, and it is… sort of.
Here’s the deal…
The study, which was published in the journal Temperature (no pun intended), was led by Prof Steve Faulkner, an exercise physiologist at Loughborough University. Faulkner looked at the link between taking a hot bath, a person’s blood sugar and how many kilojoules they burned. He conducted the study on 14 men (some of whom were overweight). He discovered that taking a hot bath burns about 585kJ per hour. The baths also lowered the men’s peak blood sugar after they ate by about 10 percent more than exercising did.
It’s a pretty neat discovery, but you shouldn’t swap your regular gym sessions for hot baths just yet. You’re always burning kilojoules, even when you’re just sitting on your butt, and the amount of kilojoules each person burns doing a certain activity varies depending on a few factors, including their weight and body composition. Since these were men – and some of them were overweight – it’s likely that they’d burn more kilojoules in the bath than an average-sized woman (meaning, you might not even burn 585kJ in the tub). And while 585kJ in an hour isn’t anything to brush off – that’s about the equivalent of a craft beer – you can burn that amount and then some so much faster by going for a run, lifting weights or hitting the elliptical. Plus, you’d be seriously prune-y after an hour in the tub.
How legit is it?
Dr Jennifer Wider says the study’s findings are part of a new body of research known as “passive heating”. “It’s a pretty new area of research, but several positive results have come out over the last few years,” she says. “It may become a lasting trend.”
Wider says more research is needed since the study was so small, but it demonstrates how “heath shock proteins”, a family of proteins that are produced by your cells in response to stressful conditions, can become elevated during both exercise and passive heating, like when you’re taking a sauna or hot bath. “These proteins may help the function of insulin and improve blood sugar control,” she says. And, if your blood sugar is controlled and even, you’re less likely to suffer from blood sugar crashes which can leave you feeling hungry – and make you more likely to overeat.
But if you’re forced to decide between taking a hot bath and working out, Wider says it’s still best to hit the gym. “The benefits of exercise have been well-established,” she says. “Even if future studies support the health benefits of passive heating, nothing replaces the multitude of benefits a person will get with regular exercise.” But, hey, if you want to lounge in a hot bath after you work out (make it a shallow one here in water-scarce SA!), it’s cool to know that you may end up burning a few extra kilojoules in the process.
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